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25 septembrie: TROPARUL ŞI VIAŢA SF. EUFROSINA (Gr, Ro, En)

Απολυτίκιο της Αγ. Ευφροσύνης – 25 ΣΕΠΤΕΜΒΡΙΟΥ

TROPARUL ŞI VIAŢA SF. EUFROSINA

 25 septembrie

Pomenirea Preacuvioasei Maicii noastre Eufrosina, fiica lui Pafnutie Egipteanul.

EufrosinaSfânta Eufrosina a trait pe timpul Împaratului Teodosie cel Mic. Parasind ea lucrurile veselitoare ale lumii si desertaciunea si slava vietii acesteia, si fugind pe ascuns din casa parinteasca, s-a schimbat pe sine, îmbracând haine barbatesti, Smarald numindu-se, în loc de Eufrosina. Si fiindca a iubit vietuirea monahiceasca, a mers la o mânastire de barbati, aratându-se ca un famen împaratesc, si tunzându-si parul capului sau, se silea prin tot chipul sa se ascunda, ca sa nu o afle Pafnutie, tatal ei. Dupa ce si-a câstigat dorinta, se nevoia cu multe nevointe si osteneli si cu rugaciuni neîncetate, pâna când si-a uscat cu totul trupul sau gingas femeiesc, asa fel, încât toti fratii mânastirii se spaimântau si se minunau, vazând patimirea ei. Si cu adevarat era un lucru minunat, sa vada cineva o femeie frumoasa, locuind în mijlocul monahilor. Prin urmare asa a putut a straluci în mijlocul barbatilor cu virtutile, precum si piatra cea scumpa smaraldul straluceste în mijlocul celorlalte pietre. Cu adevarat smarald s-a aratat fericita aceasta Eufrosina, ramânând necunoscuta, nu un an sau doi sau trei, ci vreme de treizeci si opt de ani încheiati, adica pâna la sfârsitul vietii sale.

Caci numai la sfârsitul vietii sale s-a aratat cum ca era femeie, si nu barbat. Pafnutie, tatal ei, a mers odata la mânastire, pe timpul în care era sa moara cuvioasa. Si vazându-l ea, a zis catre dânsul cuvântul acesta cel mai de pe urma: „O, tata!” Si asa si-a dat duhul în mâinile lui Dumnezeu, bucurându-se si veselindu-se de bunatatile ce avea sa le dobândeasca pentru nevointele si ostenelile sale.

Tatal ei auzind cuvântul acesta, s-a spaimântat, pentru bucuria cea peste masura ce a luat, ca s-a învrednicit a vedea pe fiica sa, si a cazut la pamânt ca un mort. Si ce alt dar se cuvenea sa patimeasca, în timp ce a auzit acest cuvânt facator de bucurie? A lasat el patria si lumea si cele din lume, si luând în sufletul sau asemenea râvna si dorinta a pustnicestilor nevointe ale fiicei sale, s-a facut si el monah. Pentru aceasta s-a aratat mostenitor, atât al locului cum si al chipului, mânastirii, si al virtutilor fiicei sale. Ca un tata al acestui fel de copil evlavios, bucurându-se si veselindu-se, s-a mutat la Domnul.

Ἦταν μοναχοκόρη καὶ πολὺ πλούσια. Ὃ πατέρας της Παφνούτιος ἦταν ὁ πλουσιότερος τῆς Ἀλεξάνδρειας καὶ μαζὶ μὲ τὴν σύζυγό του διακρίνονταν γιὰ τὴν θερμὴ πίστη τους στὸν Θεό.

Δώδεκα χρονῶν ἡ Εὐφροσύνη ἔμεινε ὀρφανὴ ἀπὸ μητέρα, καὶ ὁ πατέρας της ἀφοσιώθηκε ἀκόμα πιὸ φιλόστοργα στὴν ἐπιμέλεια τῆς κόρης του. Ὅταν ἡ Εὐφροσύνη ἔφθασε στὸ 18ο ἔτος τῆς ἡλικίας της, ὁ πατέρας της θέλησε νὰ τὴν παντρέψει μὲ ἕναν νέο ὑψηλῆς κοινωνικῆς τάξης. Ὅμως τὴν ψυχὴ τῆς Εὐφροσύνης εἶχε καταλάβει ὁ θεῖος ἔρωτας. Ὁ γάμος καὶ οἱ κοσμικότητες θὰ τῆς ἦταν ἐμπόδιο νὰ ἀφιερωθεῖ συστηματικὰ στὴν ἐλεημοσύνη καὶ στὴν ὑπηρεσία τοῦ πλησίον.

Γι’ αὐτὸ κάποια μέρα, ἀφοῦ διαμοίρασε τὰ ὑπάρχοντά της στοὺς φτωχούς, ἔφυγε κρυφὰ ἀπὸ τὸ σπίτι, καὶ μετὰ ἀπὸ πολλὲς περιπέτειες, κατέληξε μεταμφιεσμένη ἀνδρικὰ σὲ κοινόβιο ἀνδρικὸ μοναστῆρι. Ἐκεῖ πῆρε τὸ ὄνομα Σμάραγδος καὶ ὅλοι οἱ μοναχοὶ θαύμαζαν τὸν πνευματικό της ἀγῶνα καὶ τὴ διακονία ποὺ πρόθυμα πρόσφερε σὲ ὅλους. Ἔζησε στὸ μοναστῆρι 38 χρόνια. Στὸ τέλος τῆς ζωῆς της συναντήθηκε καὶ μὲ τὸν πατέρα της, ὅταν καὶ αὐτὸς ἔγινε μοναχὸς στὸ ἴδιο μοναστῆρι.
Ἔτσι, μὲ τὴν ζωή της ἡ Εὐφροσύνη μᾶς ὑπενθυμίζει τὰ λόγια της Ἁγίας Γραφῆς, ποὺ λένε: «ἀρνησάμενοι τὰς κοσμικὰς ἐπιθυμίας σωφρόνως καὶ δικαίως καὶ εὐσεβῶς ζήσωμεν ἐν τῷ νῦν αἰώνι». Δηλαδή, ἀφοῦ ἀρνηθοῦμε τὶς ἐπιθυμίες τοῦ ματαίου καὶ ἁμαρτωλοῦ αὐτοῦ κόσμου, νὰ ζήσουμε στὸν παρόντα αἰῶνα μὲ ἐγκράτεια στὴν ζωή μας, μὲ δικαιοσύνη πρὸς τοὺς συνανθρώπους μας καὶ μὲ εὐσέβεια πρὸς τὸν Θεό.

Ἀπολυτίκιον. Ἦχος πλ. α’. Τὸν συνάναρχον Λόγον.
Ὡς παρθένος φρονίμη καὶ ἀδιάφθορος, κατηγγυήθης ὁσίως τῷ Ζωοδότῃ Χριστῷ, καὶ προσκαίρων τὴν χλιδὴν ἐμφρόνως ἔλιπες· ὅθεν ἐν μέσῳ τῶν ἀνδρῶν, ὡς ἀμόλυντος ἀμνάς, ἐξέλαμψας Εὐφροσύνη, καὶ τοῦ Βελίαρ τὰ κέντρα, τῇ πολιτείᾳ σου ἀπήμβλυνας.

Κοντάκιον. Ἦχος β’. Τὰ ἄνω ζητῶν.

Τῆς ἄνω ζωῆς, ποθοῦσα, τὴν κάτω τρυφήν, σπουδαίως καταλέλοιπας, καὶ σαυτὴν κατέμιξας, ἀναμέσον ἀνδρῶν παναοίδιμε· διὰ Χριστὸν γὰρ τὸν νυμφίον σου, μνηστῆρος προσκαίρου κατεφρόνησας.

 

Ἕτερον Κοντάκιον. Ἦχος δ’. Ἐπεφάνης σήμερον.
Εὐφροσύνης πρόξενος ἡ βιοτή σου, τοῖς ἐν κόσμῳ γέγονε, προτυπωθείσης ἐναργῶς, τῇ φερωνύμῳ σου πένσεμνε, προσηγορίᾳ Εὐφροσύνη ἔνδοξε.

Μεγαλυνάριον.
Μνήστορα λιποῦσα τὸν γεηρόν, φαιδρῶς ἐνυμφεύθης, τῷ ὡραίῳ κάλλει Χριστῷ, δι’ ἀμέμπτου βίου, Ὁσία Εὐφροσύνη, δι’ οὗ ἀεὶ εὐφραίνεις, τοὺς σὲ γεραίροντας.

Saint Euphrosyne of Alexandria was born at the beginning of the fifth century in the city of Alexandria. She was the only child in her family of illustrious and rich parents. Since her mother died early, she was raised by her father, Paphnutius, a deeply believing and pious Christian. He frequented a monastery, the igumen of which was his spiritual guide. 

When Euphrosyne turned eighteen, her father wanted her to marry. He went to the monastery to his spiritual guide to receive his blessing for the planned wedding of his daughter. The igumen conversed with the daughter and gave her his blessing, but St Euphrosyne yearned for the monastic life. 

She secretly accepted tonsure from a wandering monk, left her father’s house and decided to enter a monastery in order to lead her life in solitude and prayer. She feared, however, that in a women’s monastery her father would find her. Calling herself the eunuch Smaragdos, she went to the very same men’s monastery which she had visited with her father since childhood. 

The monks did not recognize Euphrosyne dressed in men’s garb, and so they accepted her into the monastery. Here in a solitary cell, St Euphrosyne spent 38 years in works, fasting and prayer, and attained a high level of spiritual accomplishment. 

Her father grieved over the loss of his beloved daughter and more than once, on the advice of the igumen, he conversed with the monk Smaragdos, revealing his grief and receiving spiritual comfort. Before her death, the nun Euphrosyne revealed her secret to her grieving father and asked that no one but he should prepare her body for burial. Having buried his daughter, Paphnutius distributed all his wealth to both the poor and to the monastery, and then he accepted monasticism. For ten years right up to his own death, he labored in the cell of his daughter.

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