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25 august: TROPARUL ŞI VIAŢA SF. AP. TIT (Gr, Ro, En)

Απολυτίκιο του Αποστόλου Τίτου – 25 ΑΥΓΟΥΣΤΟΥ

TROPARUL ŞI VIAŢA SF. AP. TIT

25 august

TROPARUL AUDIO

Pomenirea Sfântului Apostol Tit, episcopul Gortinei din Creta, ucenicul Sfântului Apostol Pavel.

Apostolul TitFericitul Tit se tragea din neamul lui Min, împaratul Cretei, precum graieste legiuitorul Zinas, care a scris viata lui, si de care pomeneste fericitul Apostol Pavel. Acest fericit Tit, înca din copilarie, a aratat multa nevointa spre învatatura cea laudata a elinilor. Fiind el de 20 de ani, a auzit un glas ce-i venea de sus, care zicea: „Tit, trebuie sa iesi din cele de aici, sa-ti mântuiesti sufletul, ca nu-ti va folosi învatatura aceasta”. Dupa un an de la aceasta aratare i s-a poruncit prin vedenie, ca sa citeasca cartile evreilor. Si luând cartea proorocului Isaia a citit acestea: „Înnoiti-va catre mine ostroave multe; Israel se mântuieste de la Domnul cu mântuire vesnica”.

Între timp antipatul Cretei, care era unchi al Sfântului Tit, auzind de mântuitoarea Nastere a Domnului Hristos si de minunile ce a facut în Ierusalim si într-alte locuri, a trimis pe Tit la Ierusalim, caci era iscusit a auzi si a spune si a povesti cele ce auzea. Deci mergând el acolo, si vazând si închinându-se Stapânului Hristos, a ramas în Ierusalim unde a vazut minunile lui Hristos, dar a vazut si mântuitoarele Lui Patimi, îngroparea si Învierea si dumnezeiasca Sa înaltare; apoi Pogorârea Preasfântului Duh asupra Sfintilor Apostoli. Si crezând el s-a numarat cu cei 120 si cu cei 3000 ce au crezut în Domnul prin învatatura Apostolului Petru.

Dupa aceea a fost hirotonit si trimis cu Pavel sa învete si sa hirotoneasca pe cei ce i-ar socoti Pavel a fi iscusiti. Si s-a dus cu dânsul la Antiohia si la Seleucia, la Cipru, la Salamina si la Pafos si de acolo la Perga Pamfiliei si la Antiohia Pisidiei si la Iconia, la casa lui Onisifor; apoi la Listra si la Derbe, propovaduind pretutindeni cuvântul lui Dumnezeu cu Apostolul Pavel. Deci întâmplându-se a fi stapân în Creta doi ani Rustil, cumnatul lui Tit, dupa sora, au mers acolo Pavel si Tit, unde si biserica au zidit. Dupa aceea iesind din Creta s-au dus în Asia si de acolo cu Pavel la Roma, unde a ramas Tit pâna ce Pavel a fost omorât de Neron, si de unde s-a întors în Creta. Aici hirotonind episcopi si preoti si stralucind apostoleste, a raposat în Domnul.  

Ὁ Ἀπόστολος Τίτος, ὁ ὁποῖος ἦταν Ἕλληνας στὴν καταγωγή, ἦταν πολὺ μορφωμένος. Ἔγινε χριστιανὸς ἀπὸ τὸν Ἀπόστολο Παῦλο, μὲ τὸν ὁποῖο καὶ συνεργάστηκε, στὴν διάδοση τοῦ Εὐαγγελίου. Τὸν ἀκολούθησε στὴν Ἱερουσαλὴμ καὶ κατόπιν ἐπιφορτίστηκε νὰ πάει στὴν Κόρινθο γιὰ νὰ δεῖ τὴν κατάσταση τῆς ἐκεῖ Ἐκκλησίας.

Στὴν ἐπιστροφή του, συνάντησε τὸν Ἀπόστολο Παῦλο στὴν Μακεδονία καὶ μετὰ πῆγαν μαζὶ στὴν Κρήτη, ὅπου ἐκεῖ ὁ Παῦλος τὸν ἔκανε ἐπίσκοπο τοῦ νησιοῦ καὶ τοῦ εἶπε νὰ κάνει καὶ ἱερεῖς γιὰ ὅλο τὸ νησί.

Ὁ Παῦλος τοῦ ἔστειλε καὶ τὴν γνωστὴ πρὸς Τίτον ἐπιστολή, ἀπὸ τὴν ὁποία γνωρίζουμε, ὅτι ὁ Ἕλληνας μαθητὴς τοῦ Παύλου εἶναι «τέκνον του γνήσιον». Ἀπὸ τὴν ἴδια ἐπιστολὴ του μαθαίνουμε ὅτι ὁ Τίτος εἶχε λαμπροὺς συνεργάτες στὴν Κρήτη, τὸν Ζηνᾶ τὸν νομικὸ καὶ τὸν περίφημο Ἀπολλῶ.
Ἀπεβίωσε τὸ ἔτος 105 μ.χ.


Ἀπολυτίκιο. Ἦχος πλ. α’. Τὸν συνάναρχον λόγον.
Προσκληθεὶς οὐρανόθεν πρὸς γνῶσιν ἔνθεον, τὴν ἐν σαρκὶ τοῦ Δεσπότου ἐπιδημίαν ἐν γῇ, αὐτοψεὶ ἑωρακὼς φωτὸς πεπλήρωσαι· ὅθεν τοῦ Παύλου κοινωνός, θεηγόρος γεγονώς, τὴν Κρήτην πᾶσαν πυρσεύεις, τῆς εὐσεβείας τῇ αἴγλῃ, Τίτε Ἀπόστολε μακάριε.


Κοντάκιον. Ἦχος β’. Τὰ ἄνω ζητῶν
Τοῦ Παύλου δειχθείς, συνόμιλος Ἀπόστολε, σὺν τούτῳ ἡμῖν, τὸν λόγον προκατήγγειλας, τῆς ἐνθέου χάριτος, μυστολέκτα Τίτε μακάριε· διὰ τοῦτο βοῶμέν σοι· μὴ παύσῃ πρεσβεύων, ὑπὲρ πάντων ἡμῶν.


Μεγαλυνάριον.
Παύλῳ τῷ θεόπτῃ μαθητεύεις, ὤφθης ἐν τῇ Κρήτῃ, εὐσεβείας ὑφηγητής, Τίτε θεηγόρε, Ἀπόστολε καὶ μύστα, τῆς πρὸς ἡμᾶς τοῦ Λόγου, συγκαταβάσεως.

Saint Titus, Apostle of the Seventy was a native of the island of Crete, the son of an illustrious pagan. In his youth he studied Hellenistic philosophy and the ancient poets. Preoccupied by the sciences, Titus led a virtuous life, not devoting himself to the vices and passions characteristic of the majority of pagans. He preserved his virginity, as the Hieromartyr Ignatius the God-bearer (December 20) testifies of him. 

For such a manner of life the Lord did not leave him without His help. At age twenty St Titus heard a voice in a dream, suggesting that he abandon Hellenistic wisdom, which could not provide salvation for his soul, but rather to seek that which would save him. After this dream, St Titus waited yet another year, since it was not actually a command, but it did guide him to familiarize himself with the teachings of the prophets of God. The first that he happened to read was the Book of the Prophet Isaiah. Having opened it to the 47th Chapter, he was struck by the words, speaking as it were about his own spiritual condition. 

When news reached Crete about the appearance of a Great Prophet in Palestine, and about the great miracles He worked, the governor of the island of Crete (an uncle of Titus) sent him there. This Prophet was the Lord Jesus Christ Himself, incarnate of the Most Holy Virgin Mary Who came into the world for the redemption of the race of mankind from the oppression of ancestral sin. 

At Jerusalem, St Titus saw the Lord. He heard His preaching and believed in Him. He witnessed the sufferingand death of the Savior on the Cross, His glorious Resurrection and Ascension to Heaven. On the day of Pentecost the future apostlle heard how the Twelve Apostles, after the descentof the Holy Spirit, spoke in various languages, among which was the Cretan language (Acts 2: 11). 

St Titus accepted Baptism from the Apostle Paul and became his closest disciple. He accompanied St Paul on his missionary journeys, fulfilling the tasks entrusted to him. He was involved in establishing new churches, and was with Paul in Jerusalem. 

St Titus was numbered among the Seventy Apostles and was made Bishop of Crete by the Apostle Paul. Around the year 65, not long before his second imprisonment, the Apostle Paul sent a pastoral epistle to his son in the Faith (Tit. 1: 4). 

When the Apostle Paul was taken like a criminal to Rome to stand trial before Caesar, St Titus left his flock in Cretefor a time and went to Rome to be of service to his spiritual Father. After St Paul’s death by martyrdom, Titus returned to Gortyna, the chief city of Crete. 

St Titus peacefully guided his flock and toiled at enlightening the pagans with the light of faith in Christ. He was granted the gift of wonderworking by the Lord. During one of the pagan feasts in honor of the goddess Diana, Titus preached to a crowd of pagans. 

When he saw that they would not listen to him, he prayed to the Lord, so that the Lord Himself would show to the mistaken people the falseness of idols. By the prayer of St Titus, the idol of Diana fell down and shattered before the eyes of all. Another time St Titus prayed that the Lord would not permit the completion of a temple of Zeus, and it collapsed. 

By such miracles St Titus brought many to faith in Christ. After bringing the light of faith to the surrounding regions, St Titus died peacefully at the age of 97. At the time of his death, his face shone like the sun.

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  1. evtodiev
    august 24th, 2015 la 18:10 | #1

    off topic:
    Filmul-cateheza al mitropolitului Ilarion Alfeev – Omul in fata lui Dumnezeu. Sarbatorile:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0G0yCNZs1zg

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